A Detailed Study on IIR-FIR Filters and Design of a Graphical User Interface for Simulation of EEG Signals

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Dipannita Debasish Mondal
Mukil Alagirisamy


Electroencephalography (EEG) plays a pivotal role in accepting brain activity and identifying neurological disorders. The precise analysis and explanation of EEG signals require the solicitation of digital signal processing techniques, such as Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) as well as Finite IJmpulse Response (FIR) filters. This paper investigates into a complete exploration of IIR-FIR filters and their application in EEG signal processing. The first part of this research paper involves a detailed examination of IIR and FIR filter types, their mathematical foundations, pros, and cons. Various filter design methods, such as Chebyshev, Butterworth and Elliptic filters, are discussed as well as compared through literature survey. Speculative aspects, including filter design, transfer functions, and frequency responses, are presented in a clear and much accessible manner. The second phase of the study introduces the design of a Graphical User Interface (GUI) on mathematical modelling tool aimed at enabling EEG signal simulation and analysis. This GUI is designed to enable users, including researchers and clinicians, to generate synthetic EEG signals with controllable parameters, apply IIR-FIR filters in real-time, and thereby visualize the filtered signals. The interface offers user-friendly controls for customizing filter characteristics, such as filter order, cutoff frequencies, and filter type. To validate the efficiency of the designed GUI and the selected IIR-FIR filters, general simulations are conducted using EEG datasets. The results showcase the GUI's efficacy in real-time EEG signal processing, demonstrating its prospective in research, clinical diagnostics, and educational settings and many areas. In summary, this paper presents a full investigation into IIR-FIR filters, proposing insights into their theory and practical application for EEG signal processing. The development of a intelligible GUI for EEG signal simulation and study further enhances the approachability of these mathematical modelling tools to a wider audience, eventually contributing to progressions in the field of neuroscience and brain signal analysis.

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How to Cite
Mondal, D. D. ., & Alagirisamy, M. . (2023). A Detailed Study on IIR-FIR Filters and Design of a Graphical User Interface for Simulation of EEG Signals. Research Journal of Computer Systems and Engineering, 4(2), 216–225. https://doi.org/10.52710/rjcse.89